Carlo G. Pantano received his B.S. Degree in Engineering Science from Newark College of Engineering in 1972, and the M.E. and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Florida in 1974 and 1976. After 3 years at the University of Dayton, he joined Penn State. The College named him an outstanding teacher in 1983. In 1991, he created the Materials Characterization Lab and served as the Director for 10 years. In 1998, he was appointed the Director of the Materials Research Institute, a new University-level unit created to promote interdisciplinary materials research, science and engineering which he led thru 2014. He is a Fellow of both the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and the AVS. He was a Chair of the Glass and Optical Materials Division of the ACerS, was a US Council Representative for the International Commission on Glass and is an elected member of the World Academy of Ceramics. He was awarded the 2005 George W Morey award for outstanding technical contributions to the field of glass science and technology. He was named the 2012 Kreidl Memorial Lecturer, 2014 Scholes Lecturer in Glass Science, and a Distinguished Alumnus of the University of Florida.
The effects of glass composition and processing on the surface composition and reactivity of glass substrates and fiber glasses are of primary interest. The specific effects of sodium-oxide, boron-oxide and pH on corrosion, polymer adsorption and adhesion are being characterized using methods including XPS, FTIR, AFM, IGC, NMR, and Raman. In a closely related line of inquiry, the effects of surface composition on chemo-mechanical effects such as stress corrosion, strength and damage tolerance are being explored. A variety of thin-film coating methods and surface treatments are being explored to add functionality to glass surfaces. Fundamental studies of glass corrosion relevant to commercial glasses and nuclear waste glasses are core competency of the group.
Professor Pantano also has an interest in promoting and facilitating interdisciplinary activities among glass scientists, glass artists, and conservators. He created a hot shop for fiber drawing, glass blowing, and related processing methods that has served as an ideal venue to bring together students from different disciplines into co-curricular activities in Glass Art and Science.
- Glass surfaces, interfaces, and coatings
- Water adsorption, leaching, corrosion and weathering of glass
- Silane monolayers and polymer coatings on glass
- Surface and thin film characterization with XPS, SIMS, AFM, FTIR and IGC
- Nano-mechanical properties of surfaces and coatings
Technology Impacted By Research:
Substrates for electronics; glass fibers for reinforcement; glasses for nuclear waste disposal; coatings for architectural and automotive glazing; adhesives for glass; glass cleaning; glass manufacture.
- Shin-ichi Amma, Jiawei Luo, Seong H. Kim, and Carlo G. Pantano, “Effect of Glass Composition on Hardness of Surface Layers on Aluminosilicate Glasses Formed through Reaction with Strong Acid”, J Am Ceram Soc., 101(2), 657–665 (2018) https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.15239
- Luo, J., Bae, S., Yuan, M., Schneider, E., Lanagan, M. T., Pantano, C. G. and Kim, S. H., “Chemical structure and mechanical properties of soda lime silica glass surfaces treated by thermal poling in inert and reactive ambient gases”. J Am Ceram Soc., 101, 2951-2964 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.15476
- Jiawei Luo, Nicholas J. Smith, Carlo G. Pantano, and Seong H. Kim, “Complex refractive index of silica, silicate, borosilicate, and boroaluminosilicate glasses: Analysis of glass network vibration modes with specular-reflection IR spectroscopy”, J. Non-Cryst. Sol., 494, 94-103 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2018.04.050
- Jiawei Luo, William Grisales, Matthew Rabii, Carlo G. Pantano, and Seong H. Kim, “Differences in surface failure modes of soda lime silica glass under normal indentation versus tangential shear: A comparative study on Na+/K+-ion exchange effects”, J Am Ceram Soc, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.16019
- Nisha Sheth, Dien Ngo, Joy Banerjee, Carlo G. Pantano, and Seong H. Kim, “Probing hydrogen-bonding interactions of water molecules adsorbed on silica, sodium calcium silicate, and calcium aluminosilicate glasses”, J. Phys. Chem. C, 122, pp 17792–17801 (2018). https://doi/org/10.1021/acs.jpcc.8b04233
- Jiawei Luo, Yuxing Zhou, Carlo G. Pantano, and Seong H. Kim, “Correlation between IR peak position and bond parameter of silica glass: Molecular Dynamics study on fictive temperature (cooling rate) effect”, J Am Ceram Soc (2018) https://doi.org/10.1111/jace.15858
- George W. Morey Award, American Ceramic Society
- Ross Coffin Purdy Award, American Ceramic Society
- Fellow of the American Vacuum Society (AVS)
- Distinguished Alumni Award, Univ. Florida
- American Ceramic Society Alfred R. Cooper Fellow and Distinguished Speaker
- Corning Faculty Fellow
- Labino Lecture Award, Glass Art Society
- Samuel R. Scholes Award Lecturer
- N.J. Kreidl Memorial Lecturer