Materials research is revolutionizing nearly every aspect of the energy sector. Composites and super alloys are leading to lighter, stronger wind turbines and improved vehicle fuel efficiency. Ceramic and glass research is producing efficient and dynamic "smart" building materials. Nanomaterials are being explored for their application in advanced solar technologies. Electrochemistry research is advancing battery technology and fuel cell development - critical components of a renewable energy future; while advanced polymeric materials are being employed for oil extraction and oil spill recovery.