Carlo G. Pantano received his B.S. Degree in Engineering Science from Newark College of Engineering in 1972, and the M.E. and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Florida in 1974 and 1976. His graduate work was primarily in surface science and biomaterials with George Onoda and Larry Hench, and then he spent two years in surface science at the University of Dayton Research. He joined Penn State’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1979 with a focus on glass surfaces and coatings. He is a Fellow of both the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and the AVS. He is a former Chair of the Glass and Optical Materials Division of the ACerS, and a former US Council Representative for the International Commission on Glass. He was awarded the 2005 George W Morey award for outstanding technical contributions to the field of glass science and technology.
Glass surfaces, interfaces, and coatings
Computer modeling of surface structure and water adsorption
Silane monolayers and polymer coatings on glass (stress) corrosion, weathering and strength
Wet and dry etching
Silica, silicates, phosphates and germanates
Melting, sol/gel, sputtering, EBPVD, CVD
Surface and thin film characterization with XPS, SIMS, AFM, FTIR and IGC
Nano-mechanical properties of surfaces and coatings
Professor Pantano has established a group of faculty and student collaborators whose interests in glass range from atomic modeling of surfaces and water adsorption to nanomechanical surface properties to exploratory evaluation of new surface treatments and coatings.
The effect of glass composition and processing on the surface composition and reactivity of substrate and fiber glasses is of primary interest. The specific effects of sodium-oxide, boron-oxide and pH on polymer adsorption and adhesion are being characterized using methods including XPS, FTIR, AFM, IGC, NMR, and Raman. In a closely related line of inquiry, the effects of surface composition on chemo-mechanical effects such as stress corrosion, erosion and mechanical deformation are explored with AFM. The electrical poling of glass is being used to further modify the optical properties and dielectric properties of the surface, and to understand glass/metal electrode interfaces. A variety of thin-film coating methods and surface treatments are employed to nanostructure surfaces.
Professor Pantano also has an interest in promoting and facilitating interdisciplinary activities among glass scientists, glass artists, and conservators. He created a hot shop for fiber drawing, glass blowing, and related processing methods that has served as an ideal venue to bring together students from different disciplines into two new cross-listed courses on Glass Art and Science.
Biotechnology, electronics, and optics including glass substrates for displays, photovoltaics, sensors, microarrays, and MEMS; coatings for architectural and automotive glazing; glass fiber-reinforced composites; glass-bonded abrasives; adhesives for glass; glass cleaning, glass manufacture, and finishing.
J. V. Ryan and C. G. Pantano, "Synthesis and Characterization of Inorganic Silicon Oxycarbide Glass Thin Films by Reactive RF-Magnetron Sputtering" J. Vac Sci. Technol. A 25(1), 153 (2007).
A. Ganjoo, H. Jain, C. Yu, J. Irudayaraj, C. G. Pantano, “Detection and Fingerprinting of Pathogens: mid-IR Biosensor using Amorphous Chalcogenide Films”, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 2757 (2008).
N J. Smith and C. G. Pantano, "Leached Layer Formation on Float Glass Surfaces in the Presence of Acid Interleave Coatings", J. Am. Cer. Soc., 91(3), 736(2008).
Nadja Lonnroth, Christopher L. Muhlstein, Carlo Pantano and Yuanzheng Yue “Nanoindentation of Glass Wool Fibers”, Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354 3887 (2008).
R.J. Martin-Palma, C.G. Pantano and A. Lakhtakia “Biomimetization of Butterfly Wings by the Conformal-Evaporated-Film-by-Rotation Technique for Photonics” App. Phys. Lett., 93, 083901 (2008).
T. C. Mike Chung
Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
325 Steidle Bldg.
Professor Chung obtained his B. S. in Chemistry from Chung Yuan University (Taiwan) in 1976. He came to the U. S. for his graduate study in the Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania in 1979. After finishing his Ph.D work in 1982 on conducting polymers (with Professor A. J. MacDiarmid, Nobel Laureate), he spend two years as a Research Scientist at Institute for polymers and Organic Solids (with Professor Alan J. Heeger, Nobel Laureate), University of California, Santa Barbara. Between 1984 and 1989, he was a Senior Research Staff in Corporate Research, Exxon Company. In 1989 he joined the faculty of the Pennsylvania State University as an associate professor and became professor of Polymer Science in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1993. He is author of about 200 professional publications, including 2 books and 45 U.S. patents.
Professor Chung is interested in the development of new polymer chemistry that can lead to new materials with unique chemical and physical properties for applications. In his recent research activities, he has been focusing on the technologies relative to energy and environmental issues. Several current research projects include (a) functionalization of polyolefins (PE, PP, EP, etc.) via the combination of metallocene catalysts and reactive comonomers and chain transfer agents to prepare polyolefins containing side-chain or chain-end functional groups, (b) synthesis of long chain branched polyolefin, including i-PP and s-PS, and studying their thin film processing, (c) studying control radical polymerization based on new functional borane/oxygen initiators to prepare functional fluoropolymers, (d) developing new energy storage technology on the polymer thin film capacitors with high energy density, high power density, and low loss, (e) studying new polyolefin-based ion conductors that show high ion conductivity, good fuel selectivity, long term stability, and cost effective, (f) investigating new polyolefin-based oil superabsorbent (oil-SAP) for oil spill recovery, (g) synthesizing boron substituted carbon (B/C) materials and doped derivatives for hydrogen storage. My group at Penn State is recognized as a leading research group in the functionalization of polyolefin and fluoropolymers with more than 180 papers and 50 US and international patents published in the past 20 years.
In light of the 2010 BP disaster in Gulf of Mexico and the 2011 Exxon oil spill in Yellowstone river, showing no effective technology for recovering oil spills and preventing pollution in the air and water, we have recently developed a new polyolefin-based oil super-absorbent polymer (oil-SAP) that exhibits high oil absorption capability (up to 50 times of its weight), fast kinetics, easy recovery from water surface, and no water absorption. The recovered oil/oil-SAP solid is suitable for regular refining process (no pollutants and no wastes). This cost effective new oil-SAP technology shall dramatically reduce the environmental impacts from oil spills and recover most of precious natural resource.
Long-Qing Chen is Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Professor of Engineering Science and Mechanics at the Pennsylvania State University. He is a short-term visiting Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Tsinghua University under the short-term 1000-Scholar program, a guest Professor of Materials Science and Engineering at Zhejiang University, and a guest Professor of Physics at the Beijing University of Science and Technology in China. He received his B.S. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from Zhejiang University in China in 1982. After spending one year as an assistant instructor at Zhejiang University, he came to the United States in 1983 and received his M.S. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1985 and a Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1990. After a two-year post-doc appointment with Professor Armen G. Khachaturyanat Rutgers University, he joined the faculty at Penn State as an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in 1992. He was promoted to Associated Professor in 1998 and Professor in 2002. Professor Chen teaches undergraduate thermodynamics of materials and graduate kinetics of materials processes and also co-teaches one graduate course and one undergraduate course in computational materials science in the department. Professor Chen's main research interest is developing multiscale computational models for predicting microstructure evolution in materials using a combination of atomistic/first-principles calculations and phase-field methods. In particular, he is interested in microstructure evolution during phase transformations, grain growth, Ostwald ripening, ferroelectric and multiferroic domain switching, and coupled ionic/electronic transport in electrochemical systems. His research group collaborates actively with numerous experimental groups, applied mathematicians, and other fellow computational materials scientists and physicists as well as with more than a dozen companies and national labs. Professor Chen has published over 350 authored or co-authored papers (H-index = 51, Number of Citations >10,000), 1 patent licensed by Intel, and co-edited 3 books in the area of computational materials science of microstructures and properties. He has given more than 200 invited talks including 6 at the Gordon Research Conferences. Professor Chen's current and former graduate students have received more than 40 awards including Materials Research Society Graduate Student Gold and Silver Medal Awards, American Ceramic Society Graduate Excellence in Materials Science Awards, Acta Materialia best student paper award, Penn State Materials Research Institute best Ph.D. thesis research award, TMS Young Leader Award, etc. Professor Chen received numerous awards for his work including:
Dr. Chen’s main research interest is in the fundamental understanding of the thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations and mesoscale microstructure evolution in bulk solid and thin films using computer simulations. Essentially all engineering materials contain certain types of microstructures, and our success of designing new materials is largely dependent on our ability to control them. Microstructure is a general term that refers to a spatial distribution of structural features that can be phases of different compositions and/or crystal structures, or grains of different orientations, or domains of different structural variants, or domains of different electrical or magnetic polarization, as well as structural defects such as dislocations. It is the size, shape, and spatial arrangement of the local structural features that determine the physical properties of a material such as mechanical, electrical, magnetic and optical properties. For the last decade, Dr. Chen’s group at Penn State is particularly active in developing phase-field models for microstructure evolution during various materials processes including grain growth, coherent precipitation, ferroelectric domain formation, particle coarsening, domain structure evolution in thin films, phase transformation in the presence of structural defects, and effect of stress on microstructure evolution. Current research focus is on the effect of stress/strain on ferroelectric phase transitions and domain structure evolution in ferroelectric and multiferroic thin films, domain structures in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, electrode microstructure evolution in solid oxide fuel cells and batteries, precipitate microstructure evolution in Al-, Mg-, Ti- and Ni-alloys, strain-dominated morphological evolution, effect of defects such as dislocations on microstructure evolution. Dr. Chen’s group collaborates extensively with experimentalists and with industry.
Alloy development for aerospace and automobile iapplications
Ferroelectric and ferromagnetic thin films for memory, capacitor and electromechanical system applications
Solid oxide fuel cells and batteries
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