Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Norris B. McFarlane F...
Professor Liu obtained his B. S. in Metallurgy from Central South University in Changsha, M.S. in Materials Engineering from University of Science and Technology Beijing, and PhD in Physical Metallurgy from Royal Institute of Technology (KTH). He obtained the Docent title in 1996 from KTH before becoming a research associate in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, University of Wisconsin-Madison. After a short stay with QuestTek Innovation, LLC at Evanston, Illinois as a Senior Research Scientist, he joined the faculty of the Pennsylvania State University in 1999 and became associate professor in 2003 and professor in 2006 in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering. He authored or co-authored over 310 peer reviewed journal publications plus two book chapters and 2 U.S. patents, and graduated 21 B.S., 8 M.S., and 21 Ph.D. students to date (Winter 2013). Dr. Liu created the NSF Industry/University Cooperative Research Center for Computational Materials Design (CCMD) in 2005 and serves as the Director of the CCMD. He was elected to Fellow of ASM International and received the ASM International Materials Silver Awards in 2007. In 2008, he was awarded the Wilson Award for Excellence in Research from the College of Earth and Mineral Science, Pennsylvania State University, and the Spriggs Phase Equilibria Award from The American Ceramic Society. He received the Faculty Mentoring Award, College of Earth and Mineral Science, Pennsylvania State University (2011), Brimacombe Medalist Award, TMS (2012), and J. Willard Gibbs Phase Equilibria Award, ASM International (2014). He was/is a member of TMS Board of Directors (2008-2011), a Chang Jiang Chair Professor of Chinese Ministry of Education at Central South University, China (2008-2014), a Ming Jiang Chair Professor at Xiamen University, China (2009-2015), and a member of ASM International Board of Trustees (2013-2016).
Computational materials design
Professor Liu’s research interests focus on the modeling and design of a wide range of materials chemistry and processing through integrating first-principles calculations, statistic mechanics, thermodynamic/kinetic modeling, and critically designed experiments for structural and functional applications.
Recent studies in Professor Liu’s Phases Research Lab (http://www.phases.psu.edu) concentrate on aluminum alloys, magnesium alloys, Ni-base superalloys, titanium alloys, ion transport membranes, ferroelectrics, and Li-ion battery materials. The primary emphasis is on fundamentals of phase stability, defect chemistry, and their applications in understanding and predicting relationships among materials chemistry, processing, and properties.
Professor Liu’s research activities are supported by both federal funding agencies (National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, US Army Research Lab, US AirForce, DARPA) and industrial companies (Air Products and Chemicals, Inc.; USAMP; and members of the CCMD).The partial list of research projects includes:
Prof. Liu directs the Center for Computational Materials Design (http://www.ccmd.psu.edu), originally a National Science Foundation Industry/University Cooperative Research Center with support from national laboratories and manufacture companies in the United States, jointly with Georgia Institute of Technology. This center aims to educate the next generation of scientists and engineers with a broad, industrially relevant perspective on engineering research and practice.
Lightweight materials for vehicle applications; solid-oxide fuel cells; Li-ion battery; solar materials; ferroelectrics, ionic transportation membranes, thermal and environmental barrier coatings; land-based and airborne gas turbine systems; computational methodology in materials research and development transferable across inorganic materials
The complete list of publications is at http://www.phases.psu.edu/?page_id=785
Carlo G. Pantano received his B.S. Degree in Engineering Science from Newark College of Engineering in 1972, and the M.E. and Ph.D. in Materials Science and Engineering from the University of Florida in 1974 and 1976. His graduate work was primarily in surface science and glass, and then he spent two years in surface science at the University of Dayton Research. He joined Penn State’s Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1979 with a focus on glass, surfaces and coatings. He is a Fellow of both the American Ceramic Society (ACerS) and the AVS. He is a former Chair of the Glass and Optical Materials Division of the ACerS, and a former US Council Representative for the International Commission on Glass. He was elected to membership in the World Academy of Ceramics, and was awarded the 2005 George W Morey award for outstanding technical contributions to the field of glass science and technology. In 2012, he was the Kreidl Memorial Lecturer and recipient of the University of Florida Distinguished Alumnus Award.
The effect of glass composition and processing on the surface composition and reactivity of glass substrate and fiber glasses is of primary interest. The specific effects of sodium-oxide, boron-oxide and pH on polymer adsorption and adhesion are being characterized using methods including XPS, FTIR, AFM, IGC, NMR, and Raman. In a closely related line of inquiry, the effects of surface composition on chemo-mechanical effects such as stress corrosion, erosion and mechanical deformation are explored with AFM. The electrical poling of glass is being used to further modify the optical properties and dielectric properties of the surface, and to understand glass/metal electrode interfaces. A variety of thin-film coating methods and surface treatments are employed to nanostructure surfaces.
Professor Pantano also has an interest in promoting and facilitating interdisciplinary activities among glass scientists, glass artists, architects and conservators. He created a hot shop for fiber drawing, glass blowing, and related processing methods that has served as an ideal venue to bring together students from different disciplines.
Biotechnology, electronics, and optics including glass substrates for displays, photovoltaics, sensors, microarrays, and MEMS; coatings for architectural and automotive glazing; glass fiber-reinforced composites; glass-bonded abrasives; adhesives for glass; glass cleaning, glass manufacture, and finishing.
T. C. Mike Chung
Professor of Materials Science and Engineering
325 Steidle Bldg.
Professor Chung obtained his B. S. in Chemistry from Chung Yuan University (Taiwan) in 1976. He came to the U. S. for his graduate study in the Department of Chemistry, University of Pennsylvania in 1979. After finishing his Ph.D work in 1982 on conducting polymers (with Professor A. J. MacDiarmid, Nobel Laureate), he spend two years as a Research Scientist at Institute for polymers and Organic Solids (with Professor Alan J. Heeger, Nobel Laureate), University of California, Santa Barbara. Between 1984 and 1989, he was a Senior Research Staff in Corporate Research, Exxon Company. In 1989 he joined the faculty of the Pennsylvania State University as an associate professor and became professor of Polymer Science in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering in 1993. He is author of about 200 professional publications, including 2 books and 45 U.S. patents.
Professor Chung is interested in the development of new polymer chemistry that can lead to new materials with unique chemical and physical properties for applications. In his recent research activities, he has been focusing on the technologies relative to energy and environmental issues. Several current research projects include (a) functionalization of polyolefins (PE, PP, EP, etc.) via the combination of metallocene catalysts and reactive comonomers and chain transfer agents to prepare polyolefins containing side-chain or chain-end functional groups, (b) synthesis of long chain branched polyolefin, including i-PP and s-PS, and studying their thin film processing, (c) studying control radical polymerization based on new functional borane/oxygen initiators to prepare functional fluoropolymers, (d) developing new energy storage technology on the polymer thin film capacitors with high energy density, high power density, and low loss, (e) studying new polyolefin-based ion conductors that show high ion conductivity, good fuel selectivity, long term stability, and cost effective, (f) investigating new polyolefin-based oil superabsorbent (oil-SAP) for oil spill recovery, (g) synthesizing boron substituted carbon (B/C) materials and doped derivatives for hydrogen storage. My group at Penn State is recognized as a leading research group in the functionalization of polyolefin and fluoropolymers with more than 180 papers and 50 US and international patents published in the past 20 years.
In light of the 2010 BP disaster in Gulf of Mexico and the 2011 Exxon oil spill in Yellowstone river, showing no effective technology for recovering oil spills and preventing pollution in the air and water, we have recently developed a new polyolefin-based oil super-absorbent polymer (oil-SAP) that exhibits high oil absorption capability (up to 50 times of its weight), fast kinetics, easy recovery from water surface, and no water absorption. The recovered oil/oil-SAP solid is suitable for regular refining process (no pollutants and no wastes). This cost effective new oil-SAP technology shall dramatically reduce the environmental impacts from oil spills and recover most of precious natural resource.
Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering, Engineering Science and Mechanics, and Mathematics
Materials Research Institute
N-321 Millennium Science Complex
(814) 863-8101 (office)
(814) 777-3442 (cell)
email@example.com or firstname.lastname@example.org
Long-Qing Chen is Distinguished Professor of Materials Science and Engineering,Engineering Science and Mechanics, and Mathematics. He received his B.S. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from Zhejiang University in China in 1982. After spending one year as an assistant instructor at Zhejiang University, he came to the United States in 1983 and received his M.S. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from the State University of New York at Stony Brook in 1985 and a Ph.D. degree in Materials Science and Engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) in 1990. After a two-year post-doc appointment with Professor Armen G. Khachaturyanat Rutgers University, he joined the faculty at Penn State as an Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering in 1992. He was promoted to Associated Professor in 1998 and Professor in 2002. Professor Chen teaches undergraduate thermodynamics of materials and graduate kinetics of materials processes and also co-teaches one graduate course and one undergraduate course in computational materials science in the department. Professor Chen's main research interest is developing multiscale computational models for predicting microstructure evolution in materials using a combination of atomistic/first-principles calculations and phase-field methods. In particular, he is interested in microstructure evolution during phase transformations, grain growth, Ostwald ripening, ferroelectric and multiferroic domain switching, and coupled ionic/electronic transport in electrochemical systems. His research group collaborates actively with numerous experimental groups, applied mathematicians, and other fellow computational materials scientists and physicists as well as with more than a dozen companies and national labs. Professor Chen has published over 350 authored or co-authored papers (H-index = 51, Number of Citations >10,000), 1 patent licensed by Intel, and co-edited 3 books in the area of computational materials science of microstructures and properties. He has given more than 200 invited talks including 6 at the Gordon Research Conferences. Professor Chen's current and former graduate students have received more than 40 awards including Materials Research Society Graduate Student Gold and Silver Medal Awards, American Ceramic Society Graduate Excellence in Materials Science Awards, Acta Materialia best student paper award, Penn State Materials Research Institute best Ph.D. thesis research award, TMS Young Leader Award, etc. Professor Chen received numerous awards for his work including:
Dr. Chen’s main research interest is in the fundamental understanding of the thermodynamics and kinetics of phase transformations and mesoscale microstructure evolution in bulk solid and thin films using computer simulations. Essentially all engineering materials contain certain types of microstructures, and our success of designing new materials is largely dependent on our ability to control them. Microstructure is a general term that refers to a spatial distribution of structural features that can be phases of different compositions and/or crystal structures, or grains of different orientations, or domains of different structural variants, or domains of different electrical or magnetic polarization, as well as structural defects such as dislocations. It is the size, shape, and spatial arrangement of the local structural features that determine the physical properties of a material such as mechanical, electrical, magnetic and optical properties. For the last decade, Dr. Chen’s group at Penn State is particularly active in developing phase-field models for microstructure evolution during various materials processes including grain growth, coherent precipitation, ferroelectric domain formation, particle coarsening, domain structure evolution in thin films, phase transformation in the presence of structural defects, and effect of stress on microstructure evolution. Current research focus is on the effect of stress/strain on ferroelectric phase transitions and domain structure evolution in ferroelectric and multiferroic thin films, domain structures in ferromagnetic shape memory alloys, electrode microstructure evolution in solid oxide fuel cells and batteries, precipitate microstructure evolution in Al-, Mg-, Ti- and Ni-alloys, strain-dominated morphological evolution, effect of defects such as dislocations on microstructure evolution. Dr. Chen’s group collaborates extensively with experimentalists and with industry.
Alloy development for aerospace and automobile iapplications
Ferroelectric and ferromagnetic thin films for memory, capacitor and electromechanical system applications
Solid oxide fuel cells and batteries
Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering and Norris B. McFarlane F...
The Earth and Mineral Science Library Film Series is presenting "Secret Life...
Today, Eric J. Barron was named the 18th President of Penn State and will assume r...
In research featured on the cover of the latest issue of American Ceramic Society...
Shunli Shang, Senior Research Associate in Materials Science and Engineering, has...
Profile of Assistant Professor of Materials Science and Engineering Dr. Ismalia Da...
Michael Hickner will join t...
ASM is pleased to announce that Zi-Kui Liu, FASM, Professor of Materials Science a...